United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Kyrgyzstan has joined and participated in several major UNESCO educational programs: Education for All (EFA), UNESCO Associated Schools Project, Technical and Vocational Education Project, and UNESCO Chairs Network Expansion Project. The National Commission has been closely cooperating with the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Education and Science Commission under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic on these projects.
EDUCATION FOR ALL (EFA)
EFA is one of the priority directions of the UNESCO activities. Pursuing the implementation of the Dakar Plan of Actions set out at the Dakar Forum workshops on the indicators in the area of education are held on a national level and the contracts are being implemented pertaining to the preparation by the authorities of Kyrgyzstan of the annual national report on EFE and the review.
MONITORING OF ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE AREA OF EDUCATION
The EFA activities in Kyrgyzstan include a national review of the monitoring of achievements in the area of education of 4 levels held to collect and analyze the information pertinent to education. The recommendations stemming from this review are of great importance and provide an opportunity to improve the quality of education in the current transition period and develop a culture of objective and independent monitoring of education in the country.
UNESCO CHAIRS NETWORK EXPANSION PROJECT
The Chairs Network program is UNESCO’s basic mechanism that is used to provide a comprehensive assistance to the international efforts in the area of higher education. The UNITWIN/UNESCO program being actively facilitated by the National Commission on UNESCO created UNESCO Chairs in the Kyrgyz State National University, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavonic University, Academy of Management under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, with branches in the Kyrgyz-Uzbek University of Osh and the International University in Kyrgyzstan.
TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL KNOWLEDGE PROJECT
The UNESCO Center was founded and started its operations in Kyrgyzstan in 1999. The Center helps the implement the reform of professional education including the assistance that it provides to the governmental bodies and the public and private sector in the process of reform implementation and introduction of innovations.
UNESCO ASSOCIATED SCHOOLS NETWORK
Kyrgyzstan has joined the UNESCO Associated Schools Network that is designed to provide education to support peace, tolerance and human rights among the youth. The country’s youth has participated in the activities of the Regional Children Youth Camps and the world Children Parliament.
Today one of the most important objectives of the National Commission in the field of culture is the promotion in the country of the following main strategic directions of UNESCO activities:
- Facilitation of safeguarding and revitalization of tangible and intangible heritage;
- Development of information and communication technologies to promote the cultural diversity, scientific progress, joining the global network in the context of the world process of safeguarding and revitalization of tangible and intangible heritage;
- Promotion of cultural, legal and audiovisual policy in the country designed to protect the tangible and intangible heritage.
- Inclusion of the distinguished monuments of Kyrgyzstan in the World Heritage List which will significantly facilitate the scientific, tourist and technical promotion of preservation and development of the monuments of human heritage.
Kyrgyzstan’s joining the UNESCO World Heritage Center in January 2000 provided it with an opportunity to present the following six most famous architectural and nature monuments as its candidates for the UNESCO World Heritage List:
- Issyk-Kul as a nature and culture landscape
- Saimaly-Tash petroglyphs
- Sulaiman-Too as nature and culture landscape
- Shah-Fazil history and architecture monument
- Uzgen history and architecture complex
- Burana Tower and other sites of ancient settlement on the Great Silk Road in the Chui Valley
The National Commission has been actively facilitating Kyrgyzstan’s participation in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Program. According to the topics of this program, one of the decisions was to address the issue of safeguarding the heritage of akyns-narrators.
The UNESCO World Heritage Program on safeguarding the precious materials of the country’s documentary heritage. In collaboration with the National Library of the Kyrgyz Republic the Manas CD was created that includes a rare edition of S. Orozbaev’s epos, scientific research on Manas, information on researchers and performers of the epos and a performance of rare ancient folks melodies. The Manas CD has garnered high praise of UNESCO just as the publication of English translation the two-volume set titled Manas for the first time in the world.
IN THE AREA OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
During the period of 1995-2002 UNESCO has assisted in:
- publication of a CD entitled Creative Heritage of Kasym Tynystanov which was carried out timing it to the 100-year anniversary of Kasym Tynystanov whose jubilee was inscribed in the UNESCO Calendar of the Memorial Dates;
- provision of the state-of-the-art equipment to the news studio of the State TV;
- provision of new equipment to the State Information Agency “Kabar”;
- provision of new equipment to the department of journalism of the Kyrgyz State National University to facilitate in development of education in the field of mass media and communication.
Currently, the National Commission of the Kyrgyz Republic on UNESCO is developing a project on creating a Multimedia Center (MMC) in the remote rural areas of the country.
On the activities of the Center for Conflict Prevention and the “Central Asia and Peace Culture” magazine
One of UNESCO’s priority activities in Kyrgyzstan is the component called Peace Culture, Conflict Prevention and Intercultural Dialog. The objectives and tasks of this component are to facilitate the respect of the human rights, tolerance and democratic principles; to develop the intercultural dialog and cultural pluralism; to provide the comprehensive freedom of opinion; to fight all forms of discrimination and negate violence; to reconstruct the social and political infrastructures that ensure the stability of peace and consistent development; to strive to avoid further escalation of violent conflicts; to encourage the constructive dialog under the conditions of sociopolitical tension.
The Center for Tolerance and Conflict Prevention has started publishing a science and education magazine titled “Central Asia and Peace Culture”. The magazine allows combining the efforts of domestic and foreign intellectuals in developing the peace culture, studying the conflict and violence sources, different aspect of tolerance, promotion of ideas and principles of the dialog among the cultures and religions.
For more information you can visit www.unesco.org
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