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Sunday, 25 July 2010

Following the large-scale displacement of civilians triggered by the widespread violence and destruction that started on 10 June 2010 in the southern regions of Osh and Jalal-Abad, and which left 335 people dead, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) launched a Flash Appeal on June 18. This Appeal sought US$173 million to provide life-saving assistance to an estimated 300,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) and up to 765,300 direct and indirect victims of the violence who were not displaced, such as host communities or people wounded in the conflict.

The rapid and massive movement of some 75,000 civilians across the border to Uzbekistan, and the subsequent return of most of them within a mere two weeks, along with continuing displacement and serious protection concerns in Kyrgyzstan, has necessitated a re-programming and re-prioritization of response by the HCT.

Since the constitutional referendum of June 27, security has generally stabilized, and access has improved. This has allowed the humanitarian community for the first time since the outbreak of the violence to gain a better understanding of outstanding and new needs. The humanitarian presence in Osh and Jalal-Abad has increased, and clusters undertook a number of rapid needs assessments around the second week of July. This revised Flash Appeal is thus informed by the findings of these assessments, and is geared towards immediate assistance in response to the acute humanitarian and protection needs of a total of 400,000 people who have been directly affected by the violence. Most of the 375,000 refugees and IDPs have returned home but 75,000 people are still internally displaced and mainly living with host families. Another 25,000 people have been directly affected by the violence without being displaced. Serious concerns remain to be addressed over the protection and human rights situation of the 400,000 affected people, including on people's mental health and psychological well-being. Temporary shelter solutions for those whose houses have been destroyed or damaged are needed before the onset of winter. The significant reduction in agricultural output and disruption in trading and market activities has worrying implications for food security for the remainder of the year.

The affected population furthermore requires significant support in rebuilding community trust and regaining confidence in community safety. Whilst this will in no doubt require extended engagement, projects in the revised Flash Appeal will launch activities for starting reconciliation and peacebuilding processes so that, for example, children feel safe to go back to school, people are not afraid of accessing health and social services, and farmers return to tend their fields. These actions will be accompanied by support for early recovery of livelihoods, restoration of the local economy, strengthening local response capacity, and mitigation and preparedness of future shocks.

The revised Flash Appeal requests $96,445,737 (which includes $4,426,918 to cover costs incurred in Uzbekistan in responding to the refugee population). The funding received to date of $28,941,878 leaves the revised Appeal 30% funded, and with unmet requirements of $67,503,859 to address the needs outlined above.
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