|One UN Programme in the Kyrgyz Republic|
|Category: (What UN does)|
In 2009, the UN system has successfully formulated the One UN Programme. It is a two-year response of the UN system to the effects of energy, food and economic insecurities in the country. The UN is fully aware that these insecurities are chronic and recurrent and significantly compromise the coping mechanisms of the most vulnerable, and hindering the country's progress towards achieving the MDGs. The One UN Programme is an appropriate response to this context and combines short- and medium-term interventions to provide sustainable support to vulnerable groups to mitigate the effects of these multiple crises. This approach has been fully supported by the President and the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic as well by the UN system globally. As a result, the UNCT was honored to be selected by the UN Regional Directors Team as one of two new countries in 2010 to present the One UN Programme for funding under the Expanded Delivering as One Window (DaO).
Over the past two years, Kyrgyzstan has been experiencing a convergence of food and energy insecurity that has had serious effects on the livelihoods of vulnerable groups in the country. A harsh winter, followed by low precipitation during spring and summer of 2008, has led to depletion of the country’s hydroelectric resources and compromised the energy resilience of Kyrgyzstan; soaring food and fuel prices, adverse weather conditions and declining remittances further limited the purchasing power of the most vulnerable and contributed to a precarious food security situation for some. Although some of the sharp declines in global food prices are now being passed on to Kyrgyz households, official statistics show that food prices are still more than 40 per cent above the levels seen before the start of the food crisis in 2007.
In 2008 in response to this situation, the United Nations, in consultation with the Government of Kyrgyzstan and other humanitarian partners, issued a Humanitarian Flash Appeal for around $14,8 million to ensure backup power systems for critical facilities and to meet the basic needs of the 800,000 most vulnerable people in the country. In total, nearly $9 million, or 61 per cent of the total funds appealed for under the Flash Appeal were received.
Joint resource mobilization efforts are ongoing to ensure that all the interventions identified under the One UN Programme will receive necessary funding.