Новости - UNFPA

Kyrgyzstan: Inter-Agency Health and Nutrition Initial Rapid Assessment, Southern Kyrgyzstan - Jalal Abad and Osh Oblasts, June 29 - July 3, 2010

Executive summary

i. Kyrgyzstan has experienced escalating violence since the previous government was overthrown on April 7 and an interim government took power. Subsequently, violent clashes took place in Osh and Jalal-Abad Oblasts (province) throughout April and May and fighting reached its highest intensity from June 10-14 during which shooting, killing, looting, and property destruction were widespread in cities as well as in rural areas leading to mass population displacements. After four days, a state of emergency was declared and an uncertain peace prevailed until the June 27 referendum.

ii. On June 24th, in Osh oblast, UNHCR registered a total of 25 settlements / centres that received IDPs from different rayons (districts). One assessment team met with one displaced Uzbek community in Mady village (Kara Suu rayon) that was not registered by UNHCR. The exact figures on IDPs (how many and where they were/are) and on settlements are not available.    

A Challenging Road to Recovery: Voices from Osh and Jalal-Abad

OSH and JALAL-ABAD, Kyrgyzstan (10 July 2010) — To the left and to the right, you see houses completely burned to the ground, 26 in all, without roof or walls – each a hollow, empty shell that once was a home. Multiply this by three blocks, and again by hundreds of communities in and around Osh and Jalal-Abad, and only then does one begin to comprehend the magnitude of the disaster and destruction. Then you notice a couple of houses amid the rubble still standing, completely untouched, and it becomes clear that some were spared, for a reason. The violence here has pitted neighbour against neighbour.

“It started at midnight when I awoke to the smell of fire and blasts and gunshots and opened my window to the horror that would continue for four days and nights,” says Dilora, a resident of Jalal-abad. Her chiseled features are dramatic, with high cheekbones and deep-set eyes. She looks down and tears come to her eyes. “My first thoughts were to pick up my children and wake up the neighbours and flee. But to where? The chaos was surrounding me.”  

UNFPA Kyrgyzstan Continues its Efforts to Meet the Humanitarian Needs of People in Osh and Jalalabad
Kyrgyzstan (29 Jun 2010) -- UNFPA Kyrgyzstan continues its efforts to meet the humanitarian needs of people in Osh and Jalalabad who have been affected by the violence that began on 11 June. The latest figures by the Provisional Government of Kyrgyzstan indicate that 295 people have been killed and more than a thousand hospitalized so far. The UN estimates that 375,000 people have been internally displaced in southern Kyrgyzstan, including refugees who recently returned from Uzbekistan, and up to 750,000 people have been affected by the conflict. In several neighborhoods in Osh, the UN has reported widespread destruction, with up to 95 per cent of houses set on fire, forcing families to sleep outside, with limited access to water and electricity.

UNFPA Responds to Urgent Needs of Victims of Kyrgyzstan Fighting

UNITED NATIONS, New York (17 June 2010) — UNFPA has been gearing up to meet the humanitarian needs of those who have fled their homes in Kyrgyzstan as a result of the violence engulfing the country since 11 June. The Fund is particularly concerned about the fate of pregnant women who will deliver their babies in shelters and refugee camps.

Some 400,000 people have been uprooted by the violence, reported UNHCR, citing figures provided by governmental and non-governmental organizations on the ground. In addition, the latest estimates by the Interim Kyrgyz Government show that more than 180 people have been killed and more than 1,900 people have been injured. There are also reports of deliveries in refugee shelters, with eight successful deliveries reported on 17 June alone.     

United Nations Population Fund has provided humanitarian assistance to the people in Osh and Jalalabad for more than one million soms

BISHKEK (16 June 2010) --  UNFPA, United Nations Population Fund, has sent humanitarian assistance for more than one million soms to people in Osh and Jalalabad.  Humanitarian assistance will be sent to medical and non-governmental organizations in Osh and Jalalabad for further distribution. 

The humanitarian shipment contains medical supplies, hygiene and detergent products and clothes for adults and babies. 
Currently UNFPA is mobilizing additional humanitarian assistance from abroad for more than three million soms.

The humanitarian shipment is planned to arrive next week.

Uncharted Territory: Emerging Population Issues in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

NEW YORK (9 April 2010) – The combination of extremely low birth rates, migration losses and moderate mortality is leading to both rapid population decline and ageing in many countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Because this is an unprecedented phenomenon, the international community cannot provide these countries with policy advice or reference to best practices elsewhere.

These are findings of a new UNFPA publication entitled, Emerging Population Issues in Eastern Europe and Central Asia : Research Gaps on Demographic Trends, Human Capital and Climate Change. The report, which is being issued in conjunction with the upcoming Commission on Population and Development, notes that the decline in population size over the coming decades in Eastern Europe is certain. The remaining questions are how rapidly and by how much the population will contract. Due to a much younger age structure and current high fertility levels, demographic trends for Central Asia are expected to diverge from those in Eastern Europe. This demographic heterogeneity will likely impact future migration patterns. The report suggests that if the population of Eastern Europe declines by half while Central Asia experiences a 50 per cent population growth, significant migration of Central Asians, who speak Russian, into parts of Eastern Europe is likely.   

Послание приуроченное к Международному женскому дню Исполнительного директора UNFPA Сораи Ахмед Обейд

В Международный Женский День давайте воздадим должное всем женщинам мира, которые вносят огромный вклад в благосостояние своих семей, сообществ и стран.

В каждом уголке мира женщины являются важной частью общества и продвижения к равенству. Сегодня больше девочек посещают школы, больше женщин занимают места в парламенте и имеют государственные должности, и большее количество женщин получают прибыль от оплачиваемой работы. Но несмотря на это, нам предстоит проделать большой путь для достижения подлинного равноправия.

До тех пор, пока хоть одна женщина будет умирать от осложнений связанных с беременностью и родами, мы должны рассматривать права и здоровье женщин как наиважнейшую проблему. Это включает право на сексуальное и репродуктивное здоровье.

Message by Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, Executive Director of UNFPA, on the occasion of World AIDS Day

1 December 2009 - Today on World AIDS Day we extend solidarity to all people who are living with HIV and AIDS so they can live free of stigma and discrimination. And we remember and pay tribute to those who have lost their lives to AIDS.

Today, we call for universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support, and respect for human rights for all. 

Послание Директора-исполнителя ЮНФПА Сораи Ахмед Обейд

25 ноября 2009 года -  Ежедневно женщины и девочки оказываются жертвами бытового насилия, эксплуатации, сексуального насилия, торговли людьми, преступлений, совершаемых в защиту чести, вредных видов традиционной практики, таких как сжигание невесты и ранние браки, и других форм насилия над их телами, умами и человеческим достоинством.

Каждая третья женщина подвергается побоям, принуждению к половой связи или жестокому обращению в какой-либо иной форме.

Давайте же в эти 16 дней, оставшиеся до празднования Дня прав человека, и во все остальные дни будем выступать с совместным требованием покончить с этим наиболее распространенным и при этом наименее регистрируемым нарушением прав человека во всем мире.

Women central to efforts to deal with climate change, says new UNFPA report

Women bear the disproportionate burden of climate change, but have so far been largely overlooked in the debate about how to address problems of rising seas, droughts, melting glaciers and extreme weather, concludes The State of World Population 2009, released today by UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund in London. “Poor women in poor countries are among the hardest hit by climate change, even though they contributed the least to it,” says UNFPA Executive Director Thoraya Ahmed Obaid

The poor are especially vulnerable to the effects of climate change, and the majority of the 1.5 billion people living on $1 a day or less are women. The poor are more likely to depend on agriculture for a living and therefore risk going hungry or losing their livelihoods when droughts strike, rains become unpredictable and hurricanes move with unprecedented force. The poor tend to live in marginal areas, vulnerable to floods, rising seas and storms.



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