|United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)|
|Category: (UN Agencies)|
Head of the Agency
Name: Ms. Vera Tkachenko
Job title: Head of Office
Global Website: www.unodc.org
Agency’s Local website: UNODC regional office for Central Asia
Agency’s Background information: The year 2009 marks the 15th anniversary of UNODC full-fledged presence in Central Asia with the UNODC Regional Office for Central Asia established in 2004 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Now, 15 years later UNODC has programme offices with ongoing project portfolio in all Central Asian states and Azerbaijan. The Programme portfolio has almost tripled in volume and coverage. It grown up from 26 million in 2004 to almost 70 million US$ in 2009, and it continues to expand. With a heavy emphasis on counter-narcotics assistance, the Regional Office manages an integrated program that links major national border control projects in three countries bordering Afghanistan with regional projects focusing on intelligence analysis systems and joint operations, including the Central Asia Regional Information and Coordination Centre (CARICC), precursor controls, Computer-Based Training CBT, controlled deliveries and establishment of dedicated law enforcement bodies, such Drug Control Agencies and mobile interdiction units.
Since the establishment of its office in Kyrgyzstan in 1997, the UNODC has provided assistance to the country in development of the first national drug control programmes and starategies, in bringing natinali legislation in line with relevant UN Conventions on drug control and crime prevention, as well as in strengthening drug interdiction capacities along the borders. UNODC also assisted Kyrgyzstan in establishment of a dedicated Drug Control Agency and Mobile interdiction units.
UNODC’s Regional Office for Central Asia works in a region with large and dynamic drug and crime problems. As Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan continue their challenging transition from post-Soviet independence, UNODC is assisting them in grappling with international drug trafficking, a growing drug abuse and HIV/AIDS epidemic, international and indigenous terrorist movements and pervasive corruption.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997, UNODC has approximately 500 staff members worldwide. Its headquarters are in Vienna and it has 20 field offices as well as a liaison offices in New York and Brussels. UNODC relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. In the Millennium Declaration, Member States also resolved to intensify efforts to fight transnational crime in all its dimensions, to redouble the efforts to implement the commitment to counter the world drug problem and to take concerted action against international terrorism.
- Drug control and crime prevention
The three pillars of the UNODC work programme are:
- Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues and expand the evidence-base for policy and operational decisions;
- Normative work to assist States in the ratification and implementation of the international treaties, the development of domestic legislation on drugs, crime and terrorism, and the provision of secretariat and substantive services to the treaty-based and governing bodies; and
- Field-based technical cooperation projects to enhance the capacity of Member States to counteract illicit drugs, crime and terrorism.
Globalization has created an environment where illicit drugs, crime and terrorism can flow easily across borders. The welfare gains to be had from open trade and flow of public goods are, however, offset by the globalization of threats to human security. UNODC s interventions are therefore designed to contribute to the following outcomes:
- Governments will be better equipped to fulfill and implement their obligations under the international treaties, particularly through effective judicial cooperation, prevention and counter measures against illicit drug production, trafficking and abuse, human trafficking and other forms of organized crime, money laundering, corruption and terrorism;
- Decisions by policy-makers will be more evidence-based, relying on more extensive and intensive knowledge of illicit drugs, crime and terrorism issues;
- Civil society and public opinion will be more firmly committed to action against the illicit drug and crime problems, relying on greater awareness and understanding of the issues.
In pursuing its objectives, UNODC will make every effort to integrate and mainstream the gender perspective, particularly in its projects for prevention and the provision of alternative livelihoods, as well as those against human trafficking.
Agency’s major interventions (practice areas):
- Drug control
- Crime prevention
- Fighting corruption
- Money laundering
- Trafficking in human beings
Total Budget: US$ 6,475,000 (for national projects only)
Major ongoing Projects
EU-UNODC Prison Reform project (KGZ/T90)
Budget: US$ 3,996,800
The project aims to assist Kyrgyzstan with a programme that focuses on one of the most problematic justice instituions in the country, which is the prison service. The project adopts a comprehensive approach that establishes the basis for sustainability of the management of the prison service. This includes development of policy and planning capacities of the prison service, as well as high quality training to the prison staff. The comprehensive approach also recognises the need to reduce and stabilise the size of the prison population in order to improve conditions in prisons, the social reintegration of prisoners, and the health of staff and prisoners, while estbalishing a strategy to generate the much needed addiditional funds for the prison service.
Establishment of Interagency Law Enforcement Mobile Groups in Kyrgyzstan (KGZ/I75)
Duration: January 2007-2010
Budget: US$ 1,999,700
Kyrgyzstan is being increasingly affected by the trade in narcotics carried out by organized crime groups. Traffickers are deploying more vigilant, effective and aggressive methods in their operations and there are indications that drug trafficking through and into Kyrgyzstan is fuelling extremism and other criminal activities. In addition, related organized crime and corruption are adding to the political-socio-economic problems of the country. Mobile law enforcement is currently recognized as one of the most efficient ways to combat organized and trans-national crime and mobility in law enforcement operations through the establishment of joint interagency mobile interdiction teams (MOBITs) is an accepted strategic objective of Kyrgyzstan. The project assisted the Government of Kyrgyzstan in establishment of mobile units in the Southern part of the country in order to combat drug trafficking and organized crime as well as to collect and analyse criminal intelligence information.
Anti-corruption project “Creating Demand for Accountability in Kyrgyzstan General Prosecutor’s Office” (KGZ/T16)
Duration: 2007- 2010
Budget: US $ 310,625
In line with UNODC strategy, the aim of the project is to build Kyrgyzstan’s capacity to curb and reduce corruption through the provision of technical assistance to the General Prosecutor’s Office (GPO). A number of activities include training for GPO, e.g. in investigative techniques, mutual legal assistance and asset recovery. The project will also provide policy advice, assistance in updating the anti-corruption strategy, training in corruption prevention, as well as support to the national agencies in organising public education campaigns.
Anti-human trafficking project “Strengthening the criminal justice capacity to disrupt key human trafficking routes in Egypt, Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan” (ROA/117)
Duration: 2009- 2011
Budget: US $ US$ 531,000 [Kyrgyzstan segment: US$ 167,960.00]
The main objective of the project is to strengthen the capacity of the national criminal justice systems in three selected countries to investigate, prosecute and convict human traffickers. In this context it hopes to mark a turning point in the selected countries’ ability to effectively counter human trafficking into and through their territories. Through assessment, analysis, strategizing and training, UNODC aims to strengthen the capacity of the national criminal justice systems and its competent authorities to investigate, prosecute and convict human traffickers.
In addition, Kyrgyzstan benefits from the assistance provided by UNODC regional projects, including the CARICC project (RER/H22), precursor control (RER/E29), criminal intelligence analysis (RER/F23), controlled deliveries (RER/F43), narcotics training for law enforcement (XAC/I97), computer-based training for law enforcement (RER/F60), and HIV/AIDS prevention among vulnerable populations (RAC/I29). Additionally, UNODC cooperates with Kyrgyz authorities in several global projects including the Legal Advisory Programme (GLO/900), the Paris Pact Initiative (GLO/I05), Strengthening the Legal Regime against Terrorism (GLO/R35), and the Global Assessment Program (GLO/E69).
Main Agency’ Partners: Ministry of Interior, National Security Service, Customs, State Border Control Service, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Justice, Service on Execution of Penalties, General Prosecutor’s Office, Ministry of Labour, Emplyoment and Migration, others.
Main Agency’s Donors: n/a
Downloads: (PDF) UNODC Strategic Programme Framework (SPF) for Central Asia 2008-2011